2022 ACAT Seminars
Disability & Digital inclusion at a Crossroads: In Conversation with Katie Ellis & Gerard Goggin
Presented by Katie Ellis and Gerard Goggin
Thursday 8 December
In recent years, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, digital technology has been entrenched in the foundations of everyday life and social relations. Belonging and participation in communities, organizations, institutions, business, politics, and culture increasingly hinges on digital cultures, technologies, and capabilities.
This conversation between two pioneering researchers in the field, CCAT Director Katie Ellis, and USYD’s Gerard Goggin, tackles the state-of-the-art, the challenges, and research and policy agenda in Australia –– and how it fits into regional and global contexts and opportunities.
Reflecting on their respective and collaborative work, Ellis and Goggin will discuss and invite dialogue on key questions, such as:
- What does digital inclusion mean? What are the terms of inclusion when it comes to disability? Is it better to talk about disability and digital citizenship or justice?
- What is Australia’s track record on digital technologies and people with disabilities? Why has progress still be slow? What are the key obstacles to tackle?
- What are some of the key issues to watch when it comes to emerging technologies?
- Where does design fit into the picture? And what kind of fresh approaches we can take to actually deliver on co-design, or disability-led disability innovation?
- Has Australia got the right policy settings and governance when it comes to digital technologies? Does tech have a disability democratic deficit – and what can we do about that when it comes to global media and technology policy?
- What is the research and evidence base needed to underpin better understanding and policy on disability in digital societies?
About the presenters:
Katie Ellis is Professor in Internet Studies and Director of the Centre for Culture and Technology at Curtin University. Her research is located at the intersection of media access and representation and engages with government, industry and community to ensure actual benefits for real people with disability. She has authored or edited 17 books and numerous articles on the topic of disability and the media, including most recently the monograph Disability and Digital Television Cultures (Routledge, 2019) and the forthcoming collection with Mike Kent and Tama Leaver Gaming Disability: Disability Perspectives on Contemporary Video Games (Routledge, 2023)
Gerard Goggin is Professor of Media and Communications at the University of Sydney. Since the early 1990s, as Policy Advisor for the then Consumers’ Telecommunication Network (the predecessor body to Australian Communications Consumers Action Network – ACCAN), he has collaborated with consumer and disability activists, organizations, policy leaders, researchers, and technology providers on communication, information, and media rights and technology.
His books include: Digital Disability (2003) and Disability in Australia (2005), with Christopher Newell; Disability and the Media (2015), with Katie Ellis; and the co-edited Routledge Companion to Disability and Media (2020). Goggin is also a pioneering figure in mobile media and communication research, with books such as Cell Phone Culture (2006), Global Mobile Media (2010), and Apps (2021).
Recently returned from Nanyang Technological University Singapore, where he was Wee Kim Wee Professor of Communication Studies, Goggin is working on a range of projects on emerging technologies, disability, rights, and equalities.
Conquering the liminal space – How Finnish public sector organizations utilized social media influencers during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020?
Presented by Hanna Reinikainen
Thursday 1 December 2022
Public sector organizations have traditionally used mass media and their own communication channels to communicate urgent matters to citizens. However, the outburst of the COVID-19 pandemic forced many public sector organizations to look for more novel communication practices. In Finland, several public sector organizations collaborated with social media influencers to maximize their efforts in communicating about the measures needed to constrain the spread of the virus. In this presentation Dr. Reinikainen introduces the results of two studies examining the communication approaches that Finnish public sector organizations took during the first year of the pandemic.
Dr. Hanna Reinikainen received her PhD in Corporate Communication from the Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics in May 2022. The topic of her doctoral thesis is strategic social media influencer communication. Dr. Reinikainen has been working in the field of communication for two decades: as a consultant, a practitioner, an instructor, and a researcher. She has published in several academic journals, such as International Journal of Strategic Communication, Computers in Human Behavior, Journal of Marketing Management, Journalism Practice, Media and Communication, and Technological Forecasting and Social Change. She is an avid user of Instagram, although her dog has more followers than she does.
This presentation was purposefully not recorded.
Giving voice to the voiceless: Developing augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) application for nonspeaking autistics
Presented by Hersinta
Monday 28 November 2022
Nonspeaking autism is one of the most underrepresented disability groups. Their voices were constantly being represented by their parents, who shared their children’s journeys and stories with the public through biographies, media interviews, blogs and other social media platforms. Some nonspeaking autistics expressed their feelings and emotions by producing what seems like meaningless sounds, repeated words or echolalia, different tones of voice, facial expressions and body language – often making them viewed as being “less human” due to their different communication modes. Digital technology in a form of Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) apps enabled them to communicate using pictures and visual symbols, written words and artificial speech, offering the opportunity for nonspeaking autistic to communicate and interact in a more accessible way.
In this session, I will discuss the opportunities and challenges of developing AAC apps in Indonesia. Since 2013 I developed an AAC app called VICARA (Visually Interactive Communication and Reading Aid) under a collaboration project with several Indonesian civil society organizations. During that period, I found influencing factors for the parents in accepting this enabling technology for their children. These factors, including internal (user’s factors), external (parents’ factors) and technological factors will be discussed to give insights into how AAC apps can be accepted and be used to enable nonspeaking autistics for participating in daily communication and social interaction.
Dr Hersinta is a lecturer in Social Media Strategies at LSPR Communication and Business Institute in Jakarta, Indonesia, and an adjunct postdoctoral fellow at Curtin University from 2021 to 2022. Her current research is concerned with developmental disability in Southeast Asia, autism and digital technology. She has published on social media activism and critical disability studies. During the past 9 years, she collaborated with ICT Watch, a civil society organization, to develop assistive communication tool for autistics. Hersinta currently leads the Center for ASEAN Autism Studies at LSPR Communication and Business Institute.
Presented by John Curtin Distinguished Professor Kim Scott
Tuesday 8 November 2022
Investing in a major denomination in the currency of identity and belonging in a settler- colony, banking on community trust, spreading whispers in ever-widening circles… , this session will provide a brief update on a current ARC research project, Demi Kadatjin May: Narrative, Technologies and Wirlomin moorditj-apiny and a presentation at Fitzgerald River National Park by Wirlomin Noongar Language and Stories which served as a ‘launching pad’ of sorts.
Weaponised Pluralism: Why Hindu nationalists need Muslim friends
Thursday 20 October 2022
Why does the Israeli army enlist Palestinians? Why does the Republican party field African American congressional candidates? Why does the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) have a Muslim wing? In this seminar, Dr. Felix Pal asks why do bigots act like pluralists? Drawing on extensive fieldwork in India with the Hindu nationalist RSS and its Muslim wing, Felix proposes that bigoted organisations like the RSS choreograph performances of pluralism to solve a political problem of simultaneously appealing to supposedly mutually exclusive audiences: Bigots and pluralists. Felix argues that this is only possible because, counterintuitively, pluralist performances appeal to bigots as much as they do to pluralists. Pluralism and bigotry are perhaps more commensurable than we thin. In this seminar Felix calls for a rethink of what pluralism can be made to do, and what that means for challengers to bigotry. Felix explains how their fieldwork demonstrated that pluralist performances like interfaith prayer, mutual aid and diverse representation, counterintuitively, have the capacity to strengthen ethno-religious hierarchies rather than weaken them. Offering the new concept of weaponised pluralism as a strategy of bigots, Felix spells out the mechanisms by which purportedly progressive ideals like pluralism find comfortable homes in far-right mobilisations.
View presentation here. Due to a technical error the full recording has not been captured.
Gender and Digital Media Cultures – Double-bill presentation
Friday 16 September 2022
Presentation 1 – Sam Morris & Amy Dobson
Curtin: #SingleNotSorry ? Analysing transnational postfeminist media cultures via Tinder marketing.
We provide a comparative analysis of the prominent Tinder advertising campaign #SingleNotSorry, which ran across several European countries, as well as the UK and USA, with key marketing material from Tinder India. Challenging sexist cultural stereotypes and norms of feminine sexual passivity and modesty has a clear economic rationale as a marketing strategy for Tinder, globally. Yet, as we illustrate, some key differences emerge across these marketing messages about women’s sexual empowerment and the kind of gender roles and “modern” heterosexual relations made available through Tinder in the European and Indian contexts.
Presentation 2 – Kiah Hawker, University of Queensland
“How are Augmented Reality (AR) filters implicating gender performance on TikTok”
There is a significant shift happening within social media environments due to the integration of Augmented Reality (AR) technology. AR is most common and accessible through mobile devices, specifically in the form of filters and lenses within social media environments. In this paper I explore how AR impacts the way users perform gender, and more broadly the ‘self’ within online environments.
Samuel Morris completed a Master of Digital and Social Media at Curtin University’s School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry in 2021. His thesis examines the way Tinder’s technology and marketing shapes and contributes to ideals of intimate relationships in the contemporary dating landscape.
Dr Amy Shields Dobson (they/them) is a lecturer in Digital and Social Media at Curtin university, whose research is concerned with gender politics, youth, and social media. They have published widely on postfeminist media and digital cultures, sexting, and contemporary feminine subjectivities. Amy leads the Digital Intimacies research program for CCAT.
Kiah Hawker is a 3rd year PhD student from the University of Queensland. Her research explores the ways Augmented Reality is shifting our cultural and socio-political landscapes. Specifically, she frames AR as a frontier of future tech, and therefore a viable blueprint to understanding how the ‘simulated self’ may emerge and impact how we identity ourselves in a ‘meta’-like environment.
Walking Journeys into Everyday Climatic-Affective Atmospheres
Wednesday 17 August 2022
Presented by Petra Tschakert
The postapocalype as a mobilising discourse for climate action operates largely out of anger over experienced and anticipated injustices as well as paradoxical hope that fuses loss and grief with translocal solidarities. Through an in situ, mobile walking methodology, I examine so-called passive, negative emotions such as sadness, guilt, and disappointment among white settler populations in Western Australia and how they make sense of their agency in changing more-than-human ‘Places of the Heart’.
Research-Based Teaching Through Labs
Wednesday 27 July 2022
Presented by Jessamy Perriam
The ETHOS Lab is a student-facing lab at the IT University of Copenhagen which primarily explores digital methods through a feminist science and technology studies lens. It was established in 2015 from interest in our MSc unit Navigating Complexity: mapping, visualization and decision-making because students had a continued interest in using and developing their skills after the unit had been completed.
In this session, I will give an overview of the ETHOS Lab from pedagogical and interdisciplinary standpoints, with a description of how we incorporate the work of the lab into our teaching and beyond the classroom through student facing activities such as the Junior Researcher programme and the Python Study Group. I’ll also describe in more detail how our academic staff use the lab a place for exploration, collaboration, and support during turbulent times in the higher education sector in Denmark and globally.
I’ll close by outlining some future aspirations for the lab along with some areas for potential collaborations with both academic and third sector partners.
Dr Jessamy Perriam is assistant professor at the IT University of Copenhagen where she is co-head of the ETHOS Lab. She is also a member of the Centre for Digital Welfare, a research group that focuses on the impacts of public sector digital transformation on society and the welfare of citizens. She is a digital sociologist, teaching on undergraduate and graduate units on digital methods and visualisation and, computer supported cooperative work. She has co-edited Understanding Digital Societies (Sage 2021) and is currently co-editing Digital States in Practice: intersections, implications and interventions (forthcoming De Gruyter).
Humanities Leading Perspectives on Big Data
Tuesday 12 July 2022
Presented by Lucy Montgomery and Cameron Neylon
The Curtin Open Knowledge Initiative was established with the goal of helping decision makers within universities to navigate data relating to research more effectively. Our goal is to help research institutions to develop and apply critical perspectives to concepts of research excellence and impact; and to move beyond commercial data sets and meaningless metrics. We argue that Humanities approaches are essential to asking the right questions about what is in data sets, who is represented, who is left out, and who sets the rules for how data is collected, used and valued. Using data to support diversity and change in complex processes of knowledge making and communication is central to the COKI vision.
Cloud computing combined with the availability of data sources at scale is driving a qualitative shift in the forms of analysis that are possible. This shift can be likened to the difference between the ability to focus on a single part of the sky with a telescope; and the ability to map the entire sky with a widefield array. Where traditional approaches to bibliometrics analysis have had little choice but to examine one journal or discipline, or to take focussed samples, it is now possible to analyse an entire world of research activities, including hundreds of millions of research outputs. This has a profound effect on the questions that can be asked about research performance.
By collaborating with the Curtin Institute for Computation and working with a highly skilled team of data scientists, data engineers and software developers, COKI has succeeded in integrating large-scale data sets to enable global analysis of the institutions, countries, publishers, funders and languages that shape and define research landscapes. In this talk we will discuss how such an interdisciplinary project plays out in practice and the challenges and opportunities that arise. We will make the case that it is not so much that the humanities can benefit from big data and computational techniques, but that the phase-change now taking place in big data and computational techniques demands humanities perspectives if it is to be credible, ethical and useful.
How to make a policy submission / write a white paper
CANCELLED DUE TO ILLNESS – Thursday 2 June 2022
This ACAT will launch an initiative led by Katie Ellis, Mike Kent, and Christina Chau on responding to state and federal inquiries and influencing policy. Through this initiative, researchers will meet regularly to support colleagues in forming discussion groups and responding to inquiries that are relevant to areas of specialty within the School. This initiative will be an effective way for staff to collaborate and use their expertise to enact social change in the community
Engaging with government policies under discussion is an effective way for humanities researchers to communicate their research insights more broadly and intervene in important social debates with the potential for significant outcomes.
During this ACAT presentation Professor Katie Ellis will discuss her approach to policy submission, why she began focusing on this form of output alongside more traditional forms of academic writing and the impacts it has had on her community and career. The final part of the seminar will focus on responding to three policies currently under review.
Engaging with the media
CANCELLED DUE TO ILLNESS – Thursday 16 June 2022
There is increasing pressure for academics to engage with the media. The media is an effective way for academics to disseminate the results of their research and intervene in public debate. But this can be daunting. This ACAT will take the form of a panel discussion, facilitated by Professor Katie Ellis, with three of the school’s strongest media engagers – Professor Tama Leaver, Dr Kathryn Shine, Dr Tim Rich and Vanessa Beasley, Director, Curtin Media & Events. The discussion will cover
- why it’s important to engage with the media
- how to make a start
- how to make connections
- how to handle tricky questions
Katie Ellis’ bio
Professor Katie Ellis is the Director of the Centre for Culture and Technology at Curtin University and an internationally recognised expert on disability and digital access. She is the author or editor of 17 books with another three under contract. This includes two agenda setting handbooks and one major works series. As the series editor of Routledge Research in disability media studies she is curating a series of books that set the agenda for the next era of disability media studies. She is widely recognised as one of the most prominent international experts in disability media studies and regularly engages with the media on issues related to disability.
Ben ‘Tim’ Rich’s bio
Ben ‘Tim’ Rich is a senior lecturer in International Relations and History at the Curtin University School of Media, Creative Arts and Social Inquiry and is the co-director of the Curtin Extremism Research Network (CERN). He has produced a wide array of media, research and books on various aspects of cultural extremism, including on foreign fighters, incels and the manosphere, and Wahhabism.
Tama Leaver’s bio
Tama Leaver is a Professor of Internet Studies President of the Association of Internet Researchers (AoIR), a regular media commentator, and a Chief Investigator in the ARC Centre of Excellence for the Digital Child. His research interests include children’s data, privacy and rights in an online world; visual social media; the activity and regulation of big social media companies, especially in Australia; and the social, casual and mobile gaming landscape.
Kathryn Shine’s bio
Dr Kathryn Shine is a senior lecturer in journalism. Dr Shine’s recent research has focused on the inclusion and portrayal of women in the news media. She is currently collaborating with the ABC on a project to support and encourage more women to provide media commentary. Dr Shine has previously worked as a senior journalist at news outlets including The Sun Herald and The Australian. She is the editor of the Curtin Journalism news website Western Independent and continues to work as a freelance journalist and moderator. Dr Shine is regularly interviewed by the news media and received the most prolific media commentator award for Curtin’s Faculty of Humanities in 2020.
Grey Literature Research Outputs: What are they, where are they, and are they valued?
Presented by Niamh Quigley
Tuesday 29 March 2022
This seminar is the first in CCAT’s impact and engagement series and will benefit researchers seeking greater visibility for the work they do with industry and community to create research reports and other forms of grey literature.
Humanities researchers produce grey literature such as reports, working papers, blog posts and news articles in additional to traditional academic outputs. Grey literature can have significant impact, for example research from the Centre for Culture and Technology (CCAT) has contributed to the introduction of audio description by Australia’s public broadcasters. This seminar will report findings of a study investigating the current approach to grey literature research outputs from the School of MCASI researchers:
- how grey literature research outputs are currently shared and tracked
- a review of existing grey literature for a sample of researchers (with recommendations where required)
- best practice recommendations for future grey literature publications
 Centre for Culture and Technology, Curtin University. (2021). Infographic: Audio description in Australia. https://audiodescriptionau.com.au/?p=943